Title: Natal en Nieuw-Gelderland en de ...
Publisher: Arnhem, H.A. Tjeenk Willink
Publication Date: 1862
Binding: Soft cover
Book Condition: Good
(8),40 printed pages. Text in Dutch. Pages uncut and partly unopened. Some creasing at the top corner. 14 x 24 cm. Original printed wrappers. Stab bound. Some creases and very slight wear to the upper edges. On the back wrapper is an advert for the book "Between the Tropics". Sketches from the animal and plant kingdom by Dr. G. Hartwig, from a book review in the New Trade and Securities Magazine of November 25, 1861. This is the first local published description of the land, people, early colonisation, & cultivation of this agricultural Colony. Concerns the Bay of Natal, Durban, Umvoti (District of KwaZulu-Natal), the Bantu people ("de Kaffers" who he describes as "a beautiful, proud and well-made people. They have a dark brown, almost black skin colour. Some, however, are shades of brown. They are heavy, large and tall, and are rarely found with body defects. That race who come into contact with European people only wear a shirt or coat"), agriculture in Natal, sugar, coffee, cotton and tobacco. Approximately ninety Dutch emigrants had settled at New Gelderland between the Nonoti and Sinkwazi Rivers by 1860. T.C. Colenbrander (who landed at Natal in September 1854 near Pinetown, cultivating indigo with van Prehn and Archibald Keir Murray and subsequently organised the arrival of the first 20 Dutch families) had already put a large area of land under sugar, and a 20 horse-power steam mill was in operation, manufacturing sugar for export. In 1862, William Karel Ente, who arrived in Natal on the Prins Frederick der Nederlanden in 1857, published a 40-page booklet (written in Dutch) describing New Gelderland in glowing terms. He mentions its crystal clear rivers, rich soil and its suitability for the cultivation of sugar cane. Tiele 350; Cat. NHSM I, p.212; Mendelssohn I, p.522; SAB II, p.197. Bookseller Inventory # 4284